Negotiations between Britain and China continued until 1993, but Beijing refused to certify Patten`s plans and abandoned its initial agreement on a Legco “crossing train” to be maintained for two years after 1997. She said that the reformed Legco, elected in the 1995 elections, where the Democrats emerged as the main party (including 16 of the 20 seats elected by direct universal suffrage), would not continue after the transfer to Chinese sovereignty. Indeed, the Chinese government has established a parallel interim legislative power that will take over on 1 July 1997. Some commentators have suggested that some Legco members might be admitted to legislative power after 1997, but it is certain that none of the Democrats or other Liberal members would be among them, although such candidates won the most votes in the poll. (21) Hong Kong will therefore, after July 1997, take over the former fully designated legislative regime. The list includes Hong Kong government officials, members of the legislative and executive councils, presidents of Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and Standard Chartered Bank, prominent businessmen such as Li Ka-shing, Pao Yue-kong and Fok Ying-tung, Martin Lee Chu-ming and Szeto Wah. But the UK says the deal – known as a joint declaration – is under threat because the region has passed a new law that gives China new extended controls over Hong Kong residents. In international diplomacy, Hong Kong has no other identity of mainland China. For example, Hong Kong does not have independent representation on the UN Security Council, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the Group of 77 at the United Nations or the Group of 22 (G22). However, Hong Kong can participate in events organized by international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Health Organization and the United Nations World Tourism Organization, but as an associate member and non-member. It may also participate in trade events and agreements under the name “Hong Kong, China.” The agreement signed in 1984 was to last until 2047.
The persistent sense of historical injustice, which is part of China`s official position on Hong Kong, helps explain the persistent disagreements and misunderstandings that have marked the Sino-British negotiations on the territory in recent years. Many Chinese officials have long been unhappy with British intentions, particularly the fear that the British might leave Hong Kong when they leave their wealth or that they will use the territory to undermine the People`s Republic and its values. These underc currents became particularly evident when, in 1992, the last British governor of Hong Kong, Chris Patten, initiated reforms to introduce a degree of popular representation into the colony`s government institutions. For the Chinese authorities, these amendments were, at best, a violation of previous agreements between the two sides to allow a smooth transition to Chinese domination, or, at worst, an attempt to bring subversive elements into Chinese politics after 1997. The Chinese government`s determination not to authorize reforms after 1997 reflects the fact that it does not feel obliged to abide by unacceptable political agreements made by illegitimate foreign occupiers on Chinese soil.